The Internet of Things (IoT) has been a key trend involving all spectrum of industries and many IoT-based applications start to move out from pilot project to large deployment. We are expected to witness the growth of the digital transformation in businesses with a growing adoption of IoT use cases. To reach the real potential of IoT and get closer to the dream of pervasive data connectivity, it is time to combine the effort of IoT and 5G technology.
The key features of 5G technology are high-data transfer rates, wide network coverage, low latency, etc. In addition, the next-generation network based on 5G technology is more capable of integrating computing capability into communication and provides smart services. It is more scalable, flexible and intelligent than the previous generation technology, and can better meet the needs of future Internet of Things.
5G Promises a More IoT–friendly Ecosystem
The 5G ecosystem was developed as Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB), Large Scale Machine Communication (mMTC) and Ultra-Reliable Low Latency Communication (URLLC). eMBB is primarily about improvements in data speed, latency, capacity, and mobile broadband coverage. mMTC enables communication between low-cost battery-driven devices, facilitating IoT in smart metering, logistics, and more. URLLC will allow machines to communicate with greater reliability and low latency, making them ideal for in-vehicle communications and automation, industrial control, factory automation, remote surgery, and public safety applications.
The 5G network is a complex combination of computing power and communication capabilities to eliminate computing hardware in the device. These developments will enable product developers to leverage the 5G technology for the design of IoT solutions and help them overcome a variety of application challenges.
The Blooming IoT Applications
Seamless and reliable communication is the backbone of a smart city. It includes advanced automation systems and multiple connected devices to ensure a smarter and safer lifestyle. One of the typical IoT use cases in smart cities is the city parking lot, which collects real-time data to provide information about parking vacancies at any time. Similarly, hospitals, police stations, transportation and logistics companies can explore and benefit from IoT use cases as well. Experts believe that 5G technology supported by eMBB, mMTC and URLLC can meet the network requirements of smart cities and make the M2M communication become more efficient and reliable.
Currently, IoT use cases in the healthcare sector are limited to remote patient monitoring, networked ambulances, and electronic medical records. With the implementation of 5G, various high-tech applications such as remote surgery, augmented reality, and even precision medicine and remote robot surgery will become a reality.
Due to safety issues, vehicle automation is still in-progress development. But many people see it with optimism as remote operation and monitoring for driverless car can be performed through a IoT-based live video stream. An operator can get multiple vehicles under control during normal traffic hours. A full suite of IoT devices equipped with 5G networks will support applications such as collaborative collision avoidance and pedestrian discovery in the future.
The IoT Is to Be Expected More
The previous generation communication technology has several limitations and holds back the development of new areas of wireless communication. And the data security and privacy issues related to the Internet of Things need to be addressed to deliver intelligence at the edge for a more connected and secure IoT. Although there are many problems to solve, 5G will still affect the way service providers implement the IoT strategy, and will also be the main driver for the future development of the Internet of Things.